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Hypertension and Obesity
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Hypertension, also known as high blood pressure, is increasing in countries which have high or middle income (Schwandt) is a medical condition that is known by many as 'the silent killer'. It is called this, primarily by medical practitioners, due to the fact that the majority of people with hypertension are unaware they have it and that hypertension can affect major organ systems so significantly it may lead to death. The majority of people with high blood pressure can remain undiagnosed until this condition is revealed during a check-up during a medical or dental appointment when blood pressure is measured; however, there are symptoms that should be noted indicating hypertension including headaches, dizziness, fatigue and nose bleeds. This article will discuss the causes behind hypertension and its link to obesity.

American Heart Association stated that one out of three individuals living in the United States of America suffer from hypertension (or high blood pressure). Most of them is unaware that they have this medical condition. As is mentioned above it can lead to headaches, dizziness, nose bleeds and fatigue; however, it can also cause more severe symptoms such as an inflammation of the brain, nausea and intense vomiting, seizures, hallucinations and comas. Hypertension that is not treated appropriately using medication, diet modification and environment control can lead to death via heart failure, severe kidney damage, stroke and aneurysms. 

One of the most common causes of high blood pressure or hypertension is being overweight, particularly obesity. Individuals who present with this medical condition will be advised by medical practitioners to lose weight immediately or face severe complications. In fact, losing 5-10 pounds can assist in lowering blood pressure; however, hypertension is not the only disease related to obesity. Obesity can cause type 2 diabetes, coronary heart disease and liver or gallbladder disease. By engaging in regular physical exercise and maintaining a healthy, balanced diet one can decrease the chance of experiencing any of the aforementioned obesity-related medical complications.

In addition to the alterations being made to one's environmental and personal lifestyle, doctors will often recommend medication to those suffering from obesity-related hypertension. In order to reduce this high blood pressure diuretics are often prescribed as a means of eliminating excess water content in the body. Alpha or beta blockers are another option, as is an ACE inhibitor or calcium channel blocker. The medical practitioner must explain the functions of the prescribed medication before issuing it; as well as describing the different ingredients to ensure no side effects or complications are experienced.

Of course, medical practitioners do not always encourage the use of medication among obese individuals with high blood pressure. Instead, the first course of action for these individuals is to lose weight and adjust one's lifestyle accordingly. Doctors are loathe to prescribe drugs as many medications present with dangerous side effects, such as severe complications and the potential for addiction. If one is prescribed medication, particularly phentermine or a similar alternative, it is common for the patient to be closely monitored by the doctor or a health care provider to ensure no serious problems are being experienced.

Due to the increasing amount of obesity, there is a growing number of over-the-counter supplements being made available to overweight individuals. This has become the popular option to losing weight and maintaining the goal weight. Fortunately, by using these supplements, medical illnesses caused by obesity are reduced. Here's an example of a supplement known for decreasing weight. Still, the responsibility of moving from obesity and obesity-related hypertension does lie on the individual and they must make the decision for themselves.There are lots of research regarding obesity-related hypertension. Weight loss is the solution in order to manage the condition of a person who has hypertension. Due to the higher rates of obesity, critical weight loss is an effective 

As can be seen, being overweight or obese can have detrimental health consequences; however, there are various treatments that can be obtained to assist in overcoming these difficulties. 

References:

1. American Heart Association (2013) High Blood Pressure. Retrieved on December 19, 2014 from http://www.heart.org/idc/groups/heart-public/@wcm/@sop/@smd/documents/downloadable/ucm_319587.pdf

2. ESC Press Office (August 31, 2014) Hypertension. Retrieved on December 19, 2014 from http://www.escardio.org/about/press/press-releases/esc14-barcelona/Pages/body-fat-elevated-blood-pressure-youth.aspx

3. Untitled: heart organ [jpg file] Retrieved on December 19, 2014 from http://photos.myjoyonline.com/photos/news/201201/428277149_884342.jpg

Disclaimer: All the information stated here is not intended to replace a professional medical advice.

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