What Is Psoriasis?
Psoriasis is a chronic autoimmune condition that causes a rapid buildup of skin cells. This buildup of skin cells causes scaling of the surface of the skin. It also causes redness near the scaling area. Typically, these scales grown as white-silver patches and can bleed when cracked.
Psoriasis is a lifelong skin condition. You can use both medications and some home remedies to relieve the effect of it but before using any treatment consult your doctor first as home remedies work better when medications are incorporated too.
Psoriasis develops on various parts of the body like:
- Around the genitals
Treatments For Psoriasis
There are several types of topical treatments available in the market to treat Psoriasis. Some of the commonly known are listed below:
These drugs are usually prescribed to treat mild to moderate types of Psoriasis. They reduce inflammation and itching. Corticosteroids ointments may be recommended for sensitive areas like the face and skin folds and also for around genital parts of the body.
Vitamin D Analogues
A synthetic type of vitamin D is used to slow down skin cell growth. Calcipotriene can be prescribed to treat mild to moderate Psoriasis with other treatments. If you feel irritated while using Calcipoteriene, you can choose Calcitriol. It is a bit expensive but it causes less irritation.
OTC Creams And Ointments
Tacroz Tacrolimus Ointment and Psoriasis cream like Clobetasol Propionate act as an immune suppresser thus reducing inflammation by hindering the enzyme activity of the T-cells. It takes about 6 weeks to show noticeable changes. This same cream and ointment can be used for treating eczema.
Salicylic Acid is also available as an OTC product but it is recommended to consult your dermatologist before using it. Salicylic is a bit intense treatment as it consists of sloughing off dead cells and reducing scaling and itchiness. It is available as medicated shampoo and scalp solutions to treat scalp Psoriasis.
Coal tar decreases scaling, itching, and redness as it is derived from the actual coal. Coal tar is available as an OTC product as it is offered as a shampoo, creams, and oils.
Light therapy uses ultraviolet radiation from natural and/or artificial light. Exposure to UV rays slows skin cell turnover thus reducing scalping and itchiness. There are many types of light treatments that can be adapted to get rid of Psoriasis.
Sunlight is the easiest way to treat Psoriasis as you are supposed to just expose your body or the affected area to the sunlight. Studies say that daily exposure to some amount of sunlight may reduce the effect of Psoriasis.
Extensive exposure can also lead to skin damage and therefore, you must limit your exposure to sunlight. Before starting this regime, do consult your doctor to know the safest way to follow it daily.
Broadband UVB phototherapy: B ultraviolet, also known as UVB rays may treat mild to moderate Psoriasis. Controlled doses of these rays can treat a single patch, widespread Psoriasis, and Psoriasis that refuse to go away with topical treatment.
Narrowband UVB phototherapy: This is a new treatment that is said to be more efficient than broadband UVB phototherapy. The application is to administer these rays two or three times a week until the skin improves.
Some of you might not be aware of this treatment. This is a treatment where UVB is combined with coal tar. Doctors studied that these two treatments work wonders when combined. Coal tar makes skin more receptive to UVB rays which fasten the treatment process.
This is used to treat mild to moderate Psoriasis. This treatment is known to treat only the known skin without harming the surrounding healthy cells. A controlled beam of light is projected to the Psoriasis plaque that controls scaling and inflammation