Irrigation is a function that supplies required water levels to the crops on time. When there is less rainfall, this system of water supply is very useful. It not only helps in plant growth but also maintains the landscape. It rebuilds the soil present in the dry areas.
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Methods of irrigation system
There are various irrigation methods such as surface, drip, sprinkler, manual irrigation, and center pivot. These methods will be used for uniform water distribution to each plant.
Surface - It is the traditional form of an irrigation system using from a very long time. In this method, water flows across as well as over the soil. By this, the land becomes wet and fertile.
Drip - It is an efficient method to manage the water level in an appropriate way. In this, one by one water drop will be sent to the roots of the plant.
Sprinkler - In this method, high-pressure pipes are arranged at a distance and water will be sprinkled to the roots of the plants. It helps to control the water levels, so it is popularly used by most of the farmers.
Manual - This is a very common method used in lawns or gardens. Water cans or buckets will be used to provide water to the plants.
Center pivot - It is same as the sprinkler method but pipes are joined to one another and attached to a wheeled tower. It moves in a circular form.
For the growth of the plant's water supply is very important. If the rainfall is less, then the plants will not get required water to grow. At this time, irrigation helps to provide sufficient water to the plants.
Irrigation improves the country’s wealth by adding revenue as tax and increasing supply of food.
Irrigation channels will be used to produce hydroelectricity. Also, it acts as a mode of communication.
By improving the production of crops the income of a farmer will increase. It also improves groundwater storage, freshwater circulation, and environmental status.
With the help of irrigation, farmers can grow cash crops including tobacco, sugarcane, potato, etc. By this, they get more profits on their investments.
The leakage of water will create ponds beside the channels. By this, mosquitoes develop in the ponds, which may cause a malarial disease.
As the irrigation system is very expensive the farmers have to pay high taxes.
It creates obstacles to the drainage in the rainy season and dips the crops as well as villages.
Expensive industrial and housing land will be used to make channels in the irrigation system.
Agriculture is very important for the survival of a human being. Irrigation method maintains the moisture present on the earth. So, you need to purchase arrange a high-quality irrigation system to save your money in future.