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New 3D-Printed Polymer May Convert Methane Into Methanol: Study on methnol price
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Scientists have combined 3D printed polymers with methane-feeding on bacteria to create the initial reactor that can make methanol from the greenhouse gas, an progress that may result in a far more efficient energy production.
The researchers removed enzymes from methanol trophs, bacteria that eat methane, and combined them with polymers that they printed or molded into innovative reactors.
"Remarkably, the enzymes retain up to completely activity in the polymer," stated Sarah Baker, from the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in America.
"The printed enzyme-embedded polymer is highly versatile for future advancement and really should be useful in a wide variety of applications, those involving gas-liquid reactions especially," Baker said.
Advances in coal and oil extraction techniques have got made vast new shops of natural gas, composed mainly of methane, available.
A large level of methane is leaked, vented or flared of these operations, partly since the gas is hard to shop and transport in comparison to more-valuable liquid fuels.
Methane emissions contribute about one-third of current net global warming potential also, primarily from these and other distributed resources such as for example agriculture and landfills.
Current commercial technologies to convert methane to even more useful products, like steam reformation, operate at temperature and pressure, require a big number of unit procedures and yield a variety of products.
The just known catalyst to convert methane to methanol under ambient conditions with high efficiency may be the enzyme methane monooxygenase (MMO), researchers said.
The reaction can be executed by methanotrophs which contain the enzyme, but this process inevitably requires energy for upkeep and metabolism of the organisms.
Instead, the group separated the enzymes from the organism and utilized the enzymes directly.
The team discovered that isolated enzymes provide promise of highly managed reactions at ambient conditions with higher conversion efficiency and greater flexibility.
"Until now, most commercial bioreactors are stirred tanks, which are inefficient for gas-liquid reactions," said Joshuah Stolaroff, an environmental scientist on the group.
"The idea of printing enzymes right into a robust polymer framework opens the entranceway for new types of reactors with higher throughput and lower energy use," said Stolaroff.
The team discovered that the 3D-printed polymer could possibly be reused over many cycles and found in higher concentrations than possible with the traditional approach of the enzyme dispersed in solution.
Govt to formulate guidelines on ethanol, methanol: Gadkari
The Center will soon turn out with policies on the second-generation ethanol and also methanol, non-conventional fuel resources, that may lower the crude import bill by Rs 1 lakh crore, Today Union Minister Nitin Gadkari said.
After chairing an inter-ministerial meeting attended by Petroleum Minister Dharmendra Pradhan, amongst others, Road Transportation and Highways Minister Gadkari said this may also create a business worth Rs 1 lakh crore and offer employment to around 25 lakh youths, he said.
"It was decided in the current conference that the Petroleum Ministry will formulate an insurance plan on the second-generation ethanol for authorization from the Cabinet," Gadkari said.
Gadkari said it had been made a decision to take second era ethanol production on objective mode while India accounted for an enormous Rs 6 lakh crore imports expenses on crude per year and exploring and producing indigenous alternative would slice crude imports by in least Rs 1 lakh crore.
He said at the moment ethanol comes from molasses which is barely 119 crore litres seeing that against a minimum dependence on about 500 crore litres. Some edc news.
"We get hardly 3 percent ethanol whereas we are able to blend 22 percent in petrol. There is usually shortage of 19 percent...We are able to make second era ethanol from bamboo, natural cotton straw, wheat straw, rice straw, bagass etc... This will create work for 25 lakh rural youth....The industry shall be of Rs 1 lakh crore size," the Minister said.
He said the biofuel had not been only cost-effective but a pollution free import substitute.
The Minister said that in countries just like the US and Brazil, there are flex engines of cars where 22 percent ethanol could possibly be easily blended in petrol.
Promotion to green gas like ethanol can not only arrest migration of individuals from villages to city but using bio technology creation of biomass could possibly be enhanced and more folks could be roped set for employment, he said.More news on methanol price .
Gadkari also said because of surplus cola creation it has been made a decision to promote methanol result and Petroleum Ministry may also bring an insurance plan for creation of methanol from coal.
He said as much as 150 petroleum items could possibly be made from coal.
Previously, Gadkari chaired an inter-ministerial panel conference, attended simply by Petroleum Minister Pradhan, amongst others, on the next generation ethanol.

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